Parenting styles, family structure and adolescent dietary behaviour

Pearson, Natalie, Atkin, Andrew J., Biddle, Stuart J. H., Gorely, Trish and Edwardson, Charlotte (2010) Parenting styles, family structure and adolescent dietary behaviour. Public Health Nutrition, 13 8: 1245-1253. doi:10.1017/S1368980009992217

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Author Pearson, Natalie
Atkin, Andrew J.
Biddle, Stuart J. H.
Gorely, Trish
Edwardson, Charlotte
Title Parenting styles, family structure and adolescent dietary behaviour
Journal name Public Health Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1368-9800
Publication date 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1368980009992217
Open Access Status
Volume 13
Issue 8
Start page 1245
End page 1253
Total pages 9
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To examine associations between parenting styles, family structure and aspects of adolescent dietary behaviour.

Design: Cross-sectional study.Setting Secondary schools in the East Midlands, UK.Subjects Adolescents aged 12-16 years (n 328, 57 % boys) completed an FFQ assessing their consumption of fruit, vegetables, unhealthy snacks and breakfast. Adolescents provided information on parental and sibling status and completed a seventeen-item instrument measuring the general parenting style dimensions of involvement and strictness, from which four styles were derived: indulgent, neglectful, authoritarian, authoritative.

Results: After controlling for adolescent gender and age, analysis of covariance revealed no significant interactions between parenting style and family structure variables for any of the dietary behaviours assessed. Significant main effects for family structure were observed only for breakfast consumption, with adolescents from dual-parent families (P < 0.01) and those with no brothers (P < 0.05) eating breakfast on more days per week than those from single-parent families and those with one or more brother, respectively. Significant main effects for parenting style were observed for all dietary behaviours apart from vegetable consumption. Adolescents who described their parents as authoritative ate more fruit per day, fewer unhealthy snacks per day, and ate breakfast on more days per week than those who described their parents as neglectful.

Conclusions: The positive associations between authoritative parenting style and adolescent dietary behaviour transcend family structure. Future research should be food-specific and assess the efficacy of strategies promoting the central attributes of an authoritative parenting style on the dietary behaviours of adolescents from a variety of family structures.
Keyword Adolescence
Dietary behaviour
Family structure
Parenting styles
Unhealthy snacks
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 42 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 55 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 04 Dec 2014, 10:05:34 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences