Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults: a systematic review

Pearson, Natalie and Biddle, Stuart J. H. (2011) Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41 2: 178-188. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.002

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Author Pearson, Natalie
Biddle, Stuart J. H.
Title Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults: a systematic review
Journal name American Journal of Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-3797
Publication date 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.002
Open Access Status
Volume 41
Issue 2
Start page 178
End page 188
Total pages 11
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Context: Sedentary behavior is implicated in youth and adult overweight and obesity. However, the relationship between sedentary behavior and weight status is often small or inconsistent, with few studies controlling for confounding factors such as diet and physical activity. Diet has been hypothesized to covary with some sedentary behaviors. It is opportune, therefore, to review whether dietary intake is associated with sedentary behavior in young people and adults. This may allow for better interpretation of the diversity of findings concerning sedentary behavior and weight status.

Evidence acquisition: Published English-language studies were located from computerized and manual searches in early 2010. Included studies were observational studies assessing an association between at least one sedentary behavior and at least one aspect of dietary intake in children (aged <11 years), adolescents (aged 1218 years), or adults (aged >18 years).

Evidence synthesis: Fifty-three studies, totaling 111 independent samples, were eligible for this review. Sedentary behavior in children (n=19, independent samples=24), adolescents (n=26, independent samples=72), and adults (n=11, independent samples=14) appears to be clearly associated with elements of a less healthy diet including lower fruit and vegetable consumption; higher consumption of energy-dense snacks, drinks, and fast foods; and higher total energy intake. Strengths of association were mainly in the small-to-moderate range.

Conclusions: The association drawn mainly from cross-sectional studies is that sedentary behavior, usually assessed as screen time and predominantly TV viewing, is associated with unhealthy dietary behaviors in children, adolescents, and adults. Interventions need to be developed that target reductions in sedentary time to test whether diet also changes.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 140 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 157 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 04 Dec 2014, 09:54:03 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences