Precues enable multiple response preprogramming: Evidence from startle

Carlsen, Anthony N., Chua, Romeo, Summers, Jeffrey J., Inglis, J. Timothy, Sanderson, David J. and Franks, Ian M. (2009) Precues enable multiple response preprogramming: Evidence from startle. Psychophysiology, 46 2: 241-251. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00764.x

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Author Carlsen, Anthony N.
Chua, Romeo
Summers, Jeffrey J.
Inglis, J. Timothy
Sanderson, David J.
Franks, Ian M.
Title Precues enable multiple response preprogramming: Evidence from startle
Journal name Psychophysiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0048-5772
Publication date 2009-03
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00764.x
Open Access Status
Volume 46
Issue 2
Start page 241
End page 251
Total pages 11
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Formatted abstract
When one or more response dimensions in a choice reaction time (RT) task are provided beforehand (or precued), RT decreases, indicating that the precued part of a response was prepared in advance. In this study, a startling acoustic stimulus was used to investigate the amount of preprogramming that occurs when part of the response is precued because a startling stimulus has been shown to directly trigger preprogrammed responses. Participants performed wrist flexion/extension movements in a precued one to four choice RT paradigm. A control auditory stimulus (82 dB) or a startling acoustic stimulus (124 dB) accompanied the visual “go” signal on each trial. Although RT latencies were significantly reduced by the startle, many more errors were observed in the startled conditions. Importantly, the errors seen at short RT latencies largely reflected multiple movements to the cued response alternatives, suggesting that multiple responses were preprogrammed.
Keyword Startle
Information processing
Motor control
Reaction Time
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 02 Dec 2014, 10:37:29 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences