ISSP position stand: To sample or to specialize? Seven postulates about youth sport activities that lead to continued participation and elite performance

Cote, Jean, Lidor, Ronnie and Hackfort, Dieter (2009) ISSP position stand: To sample or to specialize? Seven postulates about youth sport activities that lead to continued participation and elite performance. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7 1: 7-17. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2009.9671889

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Author Cote, Jean
Lidor, Ronnie
Hackfort, Dieter
Title ISSP position stand: To sample or to specialize? Seven postulates about youth sport activities that lead to continued participation and elite performance
Journal name International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1612-197X
1557-251X
Publication date 2009
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/1612197X.2009.9671889
Open Access Status
Volume 7
Issue 1
Start page 7
End page 17
Total pages 11
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Formatted abstract
A comprehensive approach to sport expertise should consider the entire situation that is comprised of the person, the task, the environment, and the complex interplay of these components (Hackfort, 1986). Accordingly, the Developmental Model of Sport Participation (Côté, Baker, & Abernethy, 2007; Côté & Fraser-Thomas, 2007) provides a comprehensive framework for sport expertise that outlines different pathways of involvement in sport. In pathways one and two, early sampling serves as the foundation for both elite and recreational sport participation. Early sampling is based on two main elements of childhood sport participation: 1) involvement in various sports and 2) participation in deliberate play. In contrast, pathway three shows the course to elite performance through early specialization in one sport. Early specialization implies a focused involvement on one sport and a large number of deliberate practice activities with the goal of improving sport skills and performance during childhood. This paper proposes seven postulates regarding the role that sampling and deliberate play, as opposed to specialization and deliberate practice, can have during childhood in promoting continued participation and elite performance in sport.
Keyword Early development in sport
Early sampling
Early specialization
Sport expertise
Youth sport programs
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 02 Dec 2014, 09:34:54 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences