Operationalizing resilience for adaptive coral reef management under global environmental change

Anthony, Kenneth R. N., Marshall, Paul A., Abdulla, Ameer, Beeden, Roger, Bergh, Chris, Black, Ryan, Eakin, C. Mark, Game, Edward T., Gooch, Margaret, Graham, Nicholas A. J., Green, Alison, Heron, Scott F., van Hooidonk, Ruben, Knowland, Cheryl, Mangubhai, Sangeeta, Marshall, Nadine, Maynard, Jeffrey A., McGinnity, Peter, Mcleod, Elizabeth, Mumby, Peter J., Nystrom, Magnus, Obura, David, Oliver, Jamie, Possingham, Hugh P., Pressey, Robert L., Rowlands, Gwilym P., Tamelander, Jerker, Wachenfeld, David and Wear, Stephanie (2015) Operationalizing resilience for adaptive coral reef management under global environmental change. Global Change Biology, 21 1: 48-61. doi:10.1111/gcb.12700


Author Anthony, Kenneth R. N.
Marshall, Paul A.
Abdulla, Ameer
Beeden, Roger
Bergh, Chris
Black, Ryan
Eakin, C. Mark
Game, Edward T.
Gooch, Margaret
Graham, Nicholas A. J.
Green, Alison
Heron, Scott F.
van Hooidonk, Ruben
Knowland, Cheryl
Mangubhai, Sangeeta
Marshall, Nadine
Maynard, Jeffrey A.
McGinnity, Peter
Mcleod, Elizabeth
Mumby, Peter J.
Nystrom, Magnus
Obura, David
Oliver, Jamie
Possingham, Hugh P.
Pressey, Robert L.
Rowlands, Gwilym P.
Tamelander, Jerker
Wachenfeld, David
Wear, Stephanie
Title Operationalizing resilience for adaptive coral reef management under global environmental change
Journal name Global Change Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2486
1354-1013
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/gcb.12700
Volume 21
Issue 1
Start page 48
End page 61
Total pages 14
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, England
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Cumulative pressures from global climate and ocean change combined with multiple regional and local-scale stressors pose fundamental challenges to coral reef managers worldwide. Understanding how cumulative stressors affect coral reef vulnerability is critical for successful reef conservation now and in the future. In this review, we present the case that strategically managing for increased ecological resilience (capacity for stress resistance and recovery) can reduce coral reef vulnerability (risk of net decline) up to a point. Specifically, we propose an operational framework for identifying effective management levers to enhance resilience and support management decisions that reduce reef vulnerability. Building on a system understanding of biological and ecological processes that drive resilience of coral reefs in different environmental and socio-economic settings, we present an Adaptive Resilience-Based management (ARBM) framework and suggest a set of guidelines for how and where resilience can be enhanced via management interventions. We argue that press-type stressors (pollution, sedimentation, overfishing, ocean warming and acidification) are key threats to coral reef resilience by affecting processes underpinning resistance and recovery, while pulse-type (acute) stressors (e.g. storms, bleaching events, crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks) increase the demand for resilience. We apply the framework to a set of example problems for Caribbean and Indo-Pacific reefs. A combined strategy of active risk reduction and resilience support is needed, informed by key management objectives, knowledge of reef ecosystem processes and consideration of environmental and social drivers. As climate change and ocean acidification erode the resilience and increase the vulnerability of coral reefs globally, successful adaptive management of coral reefs will become increasingly difficult. Given limited resources, on-the-ground solutions are likely to focus increasingly on actions that support resilience at finer spatial scales, and that are tightly linked to ecosystem goods and services.
Keyword Climate change
Coral reefs
Ecosystem vulnerability
Environmental management
Ocean acidification
Social-ecological system
Structured decision-making
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 5 Sep 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Faculty of Science Publications
School of Mathematics and Physics
Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 28 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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