El Sarmiento tardio: raza, alteridad y hedor en Conflicto y armonias

Braxton-Smith, Zachariah (2014). El Sarmiento tardio: raza, alteridad y hedor en Conflicto y armonias Honours Thesis, School of Languages and Comp Cultural Studies, The University of Queensland.

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Author Braxton-Smith, Zachariah
Thesis Title El Sarmiento tardio: raza, alteridad y hedor en Conflicto y armonias
School, Centre or Institute School of Languages and Comp Cultural Studies
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2014-10
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Total pages 51
Language eng
Subjects 200514 Literature in Spanish and Portuguese
Abstract/Summary This thesis explores the position of the indigenous ‘other’ in the worldview of D. F. Sarmiento after his presidential term in Argentina, such as it is expressed in his final book, Conflicto y armonías de las razas en América (1883). In the first chapter we will develop the theoretical apparatus through which the text will be analysed. We will define ‘race’ as the fundamental ideological axis of colonial capitalism, before arguing that the concept of alterity is its philosophical foundation. This will lead us to Emmanuel Lévinas’ idea of the radical ‘other’ and its extension in Latin-American postcolonial theory: the en-covering of the indigenous ‘other’ described by Enrique Dussel. We will outline another manifestation of Lévinas’ theory: Tzvetan Todorov’s typology of relations with the ‘other’, which will be synthesised with the idea of ‘race’ in order to analyse Conflicto y armonías. Furthermore, we will develop Rodolfo Kusch’s central category, ‘hedor’, in order to codify the sentiment expressed by Sarmiento towards the indigenous ‘other’ which exceeds his use of the term ‘race’. From there, we will move on to the broad historical context in which Conflico y armonías was written and in particular, to the four principle factors which determined its content: the disappointment of Sarmiento’s government, the influence of Darwin’s theories on this Spencerian thinker, the ascendency of racial theory and the violent expansion of the European colonial powers and the Argentine state. We will evaluate the academic literature about this book at the end of the second chapter, finding that our theoretical apparatus and historical focus will generate an original and fruitful reading of Conflicto y armonías. In the third chapter, this reading will be outlined through a detailed analysis of the first part of the book, Etnología americana. This part was selected for its sustained focus on the indigenous ‘other’; nevertheless, at the end of the chapter we will also examine the scarce passages after the Etnología which describe this ‘other’, revealing a profound discrepancy in the worldview of their author.

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Created: Mon, 01 Dec 2014, 09:53:30 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures