Coastal planning and management in Australia

Cole, Stephen A. (1994). Coastal planning and management in Australia Other, University of Queensland. School of Geography, Planning and Architecture, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Cole, Stephen A.
Thesis Title Coastal planning and management in Australia
School, Centre or Institute University of Queensland. School of Geography, Planning and Architecture
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1994
Thesis type Other
Supervisor Michael Fagence
Total pages 147
Language eng
Subjects 1205 Urban and Regional Planning
Formatted abstract
Due to the fragile nature of coastal areas, development in these areas needs to be carefully planned and managed. Unfortunately this is not always the case as people pressures often result in coastal resource degradation. Many industries use coastal waters as a waste receptacle, pouring out chemical and biological pollutants. Agricultural practices on coastal lands lead to overgrazing of pastoral areas and siltation of streams. Agricultural fertilisers pollute estuaries and wetlands, altering the ecology. Recreation vehicles destroy coastal vegetation leading to the formation of sand drifts. High rise buildings when inappropriately located interrupt views and cast shadows. Harbour works and coastal protection works affect sand budgeting in the nearshore zone and can lead to erosion and loss of property. Mineral sand mining of beaches alters the texture of beaches and can result in coastal recession.

This thesis examines the effectiveness of forward planning and management methods within coastal areas of Australia More particularly, this involves a review of the general problems associated with planning and managing coastal areas which highlight the inadequacies of the current planning and management methodologies. Coastal resources have suffered deterioration due to the impact of human activities within coastal areas. The lack of sustainable, effective and co-ordinated forward planning and management has allowed environmentally significant areas within coastal areas to be damaged or destroyed This is partly the result of the existing poor forward planning and management methodologies. It is considered that any improvement in planning and management for coastal areas is both necessary and justified in order to preserve environmentally significant areas and allow the sustainable use of coastal resources.

To achieve more effective planning and management of coastal areas, a preferred coastal area planning and management model was developed The model provides a co­-ordinated, comprehensive and flexible approach to planning and managing coastal areas which will protect environmentally significant coastal resources and allow for ecologically sustainable development. The model aims to assist in the reduction of coastal resource degradation and organisational process problems which currently exist in many coastal areas throughout Australia The model incorporates seven main phases ranging from the assessment of data requirements to the implementation and management phase.

While application and testing of the model is beyond the scope of this thesis, its ability to address the current problems associated with coastal planning and management provides a valuable and useful tool to improve the effectiveness of forward planning and management within coastal areas of Australia.
Keyword Regional planning -- Australia
Coastal zone management -- Australia
Shore protection -- Australia
Thesis -- MUrb&RegPlg

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (non-RHD) - UQ staff and students only
 
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