Effect of tillage systems, seeding rates, and herbicides on weed growth and grain yield in dry-seeded rice systems in the Philippines

Chauhan, B. S. (2013) Effect of tillage systems, seeding rates, and herbicides on weed growth and grain yield in dry-seeded rice systems in the Philippines. Crop Protection, 54 244-250. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2013.09.001


Author Chauhan, B. S.
Title Effect of tillage systems, seeding rates, and herbicides on weed growth and grain yield in dry-seeded rice systems in the Philippines
Journal name Crop Protection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0261-2194
1873-6904
Publication date 2013
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cropro.2013.09.001
Open Access Status
Volume 54
Start page 244
End page 250
Total pages 7
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In Asia, dry-seeded rice (DSR) production systems are increasing because of water and labour scarcities. DSR can be sown under zero-till (ZT) or after conventional tillage (CONT) operations. In these seeding systems, however, weeds are the main biological constraint. A study was conducted during the wet season of 2012 and the dry season of 2013 at the International Rice Research Institute to evaluate the effect of the tillage systems (ZT and CONT), seeding rate [low seeding rate (LSR) at 50kgha-1, and high seeding rate (HSR) at 100kgha-1], and weed control treatments (oxadiazon applied as pre-emergence, oxadiazon applied as pre-emergence followed by a commercial mixture of fenoxaprop+ethoxysulfuron as post-emergence at 21-24 days after sowing, and weedy) on weed growth and grain yield in DSR systems. The efficacy of herbicides 14 days after the application of post-emergence herbicide was similar between the tillage systems and between seeding rates. At crop harvest, weed biomass was higher in the ZT plots than in the CONT plots, and higher at LSR than at HSR. At the same time, herbicide applications decreased weed biomass by 73-96%, compared with the weedy plots. Compared with the ZT plots, CONT plots had 9-18% higher grain yield. Similarly, plots sown at HSR had 17-19% higher grain yield than at LSR. Weedy plots had 81-84% less yield than the herbicide-treated plots (3060-3380kgha-1 in the wet season and 5820-5950kgha-1 in the dry season).
Keyword Biomass
Cultural control
Direct Seeding
Seeding rate
Philippines
Weed management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
 
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Created: Tue, 11 Nov 2014, 19:43:25 EST by Bhagirath Chauhan on behalf of Centre for Plant Science