Burnout and work engagement of academics in higher education institutions: effects of dispositional optimism

Barkhuizen, Nicolene, Rothmann, Sebastiaan and van de Vijver, Fons J. R. (2014) Burnout and work engagement of academics in higher education institutions: effects of dispositional optimism. Stress and Health, 30 4: 322-332. doi:10.1002/smi.2520


Author Barkhuizen, Nicolene
Rothmann, Sebastiaan
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Title Burnout and work engagement of academics in higher education institutions: effects of dispositional optimism
Journal name Stress and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-2998
1532-3005
Publication date 2014-10-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/smi.2520
Volume 30
Issue 4
Start page 322
End page 332
Total pages 11
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships among dispositional optimism, job demands and resources, burnout, work engagement, ill health and organizational commitment of South African academic staff in higher education institutions. A cross-sectional survey design was used, with stratified random samples (N = 595) taken of academics in South African higher education institutions. The results confirmed that job demands and a lack of job resources contributed to burnout, whereas job resources contributed to work engagement. Dispositional optimism had a strong direct effect on perceptions of job resources as well as strong indirect effects (via job resources) on burnout, work engagement, ill health and organizational commitment. The results of this study extend the dual-process model of burnout and engagement by demonstrating the strong effects of dispositional optimism on the constructs in the model.
Keyword Dispositional optimism
Burnout
Engagement
Job resources
Ill health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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