Projections from the Brain to the Spinal Cord

Watson, Charles and Harvey, Alan R. (2009). Projections from the Brain to the Spinal Cord. In Charles Watson, George Paxinos and Gulgun Kayalioglu (Ed.), The spinal cord: a Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation text and atlas (pp. 168-179) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier/Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-374247-6.50015-8

Author Watson, Charles
Harvey, Alan R.
Title of chapter Projections from the Brain to the Spinal Cord
Title of book The spinal cord: a Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation text and atlas
Place of Publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier/Academic Press
Publication Year 2009
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-374247-6.50015-8
Open Access Status
Year available 2009
ISBN 9780123742476
Editor Charles Watson
George Paxinos
Gulgun Kayalioglu
Chapter number 11
Start page 168
End page 179
Total pages 12
Total chapters 17
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subjects 2800 Neuroscience
Abstract/Summary This chapter deals with projections from brain to spinal cord. 27 brain centers have been identified which send descending tracts to the spinal cord in mammals. The best known of these descending tracts is the corticospinal tract, which is a huge fiber bundle in humans and the other anthropoid primates. Apart from the corticospinal tract, which originates from a number of cortical areas, the most prominent descending tracts are those that arise from the red nucleus (rubrospinal), the vestibular nuclei (lateral and medial vestibulospinal), and the hindbrain reticular formation (lateral and medial reticulospinal). The other sites of origin of descending tracts, which are smaller in size, include the hypothalamus (paraventricular nucleus), prethalamus (zona incerta), pretectum (nucleus of Darkschewitsch), midbrain (superior colliculus, periaqueductal gray, supraoculomotor nucleus, interstitial nucleus of Cajal, and cuneiform nucleus), and rhombencephalon (parabigeminal nucleus, medial cerebellar nucleus, locus coeruleus, subcoeruleus nuclei, nucleus gigantocellularis, raphe, and the nucleus of the solitary tract). The origin and topography of supraspinal projections in humans is beginning to be elucidated using modern diffusion tensor imaging and tractography.
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
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Created: Mon, 27 Oct 2014, 16:42:50 EST by Sylvie Pichelin on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute