Spinal Cord: Connections

Sengul, Gulgun and Watson, Charles (2012). Spinal Cord: Connections. In Juergen K. Mai and George Paxinos (Ed.), The Human Nervous System 3rd ed. (pp. 233-258) Ausralia: Elsevier Inc.. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-374236-0.10007-0

Author Sengul, Gulgun
Watson, Charles
Title of chapter Spinal Cord: Connections
Title of book The Human Nervous System
Place of Publication Ausralia
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Chapter in reference work, encyclopaedia, manual or handbook
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-374236-0.10007-0
Open Access Status
Year available 2012
Edition 3rd
ISBN 9780123742360
Editor Juergen K. Mai
George Paxinos
Chapter number 7
Start page 233
End page 258
Total pages 26
Total chapters 39
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Connections of the spinal cord have been studied extensively in experimental animals, mostly in the rat, cat, and monkey. These studies are based on electrophysiological and anatomical tract tracing methods. In humans, our direct knowledge of spinal cord tracts is mostly based on data obtained from patients with localized traumatic and inflammatory lesions, or surgical interventions, which have resulted in ascending fiber degeneration or retrograde changes in spinal cells of origin. Sensory-evoked potentials in the human spinal cord can be safely recorded from the epidural space. Evaluation of the discharge rate and probability of one or more motor units in response to stimulation of peripheral afferents or corticospinal fibers has also been used to study functional connection of neurons in humans. Recent development of diffusion tensor tractography allows visualization and localization of neural tracts in three dimensions and provides helpful and important information for clinicians. This information allows clinicians to evaluate the state of a neural tract to predict clinical outcomes, or to set up scientific management strategies for patients with brain injury. This chapter deals with propriospinal, ascending, and descending pathways of the human spinal cord. We refer to the rat, cat, and monkey data where there is no or limited information for humans.
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
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Created: Mon, 27 Oct 2014, 16:06:52 EST by Sylvie Pichelin on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute