Behaviour of uni-axially loaded CFST columns confined by tie bars

Ho, J. C. M. and Lai, M. H. (2013) Behaviour of uni-axially loaded CFST columns confined by tie bars. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 83 37-50. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.12.014

Author Ho, J. C. M.
Lai, M. H.
Title Behaviour of uni-axially loaded CFST columns confined by tie bars
Journal name Journal of Constructional Steel Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0143-974X
Publication date 2013-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.12.014
Open Access Status
Volume 83
Start page 37
End page 50
Total pages 14
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 2215 Building and Construction
2205 Civil and Structural Engineering
2211 Mechanics of Materials
2506 Metals and Alloys
Abstract Concrete-filled-steel-tube (CFST) columns have been widely adopted for column construction of tall buildings due to its superior strength and ductility performance contributed by the composite action. However, this beneficial composite action cannot be fully developed at early elastic stage as steel dilates more than concrete and thereby causing imperfect interface bonding, which reduces the elastic strength and stiffness. To resolve the problem, confinement in the form of tie bars is proposed in this study to restrict the elastic lateral dilation of concrete. For verification, 30 CFST columns of various dimensions cast with normal- (NSC) or high-strength concrete (HSC) and installed with tie bars were tested under uni-axial compression in this study. From the results, it was evident that: (1) tie-confined CFST columns had uni-axial strength larger than those of unconfined CFST columns. (2) Tie bars can increase slightly the elastic stiffness of the CFST columns. (3) Tie bars can restrict effectively the lateral dilation of CFST columns. (4) The failure modes of tie-confined NSCFST and HSCFST columns were the local buckling at the ends and formation of longitudinal steel cracks initiated at bolt holes. Lastly, based on the test results, analytical model taking into account the confining effects of steel tube have been developed to predict the uni-axial strength of tie-confined CFST columns.
Keyword Analytical model
High-strength concrete
Normal-strength concrete
Tie bars
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 23 Oct 2014, 17:27:25 EST by Johnny Ho on behalf of School of Civil Engineering