Community attitudes toward forest conservation programs through collaborative protected area management in Bangladesh

Chowdhury, Mohammad Shaheed Hossain, Gudmundsson, Chloe, Izumiyama, Shigeyuki, Koike, Masao, Nazia, Nahid, Rana, Md. Parvez, Mukul, Sharif Ahmed, Muhammed, Nur and Redowan, Mohammed (2014) Community attitudes toward forest conservation programs through collaborative protected area management in Bangladesh. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 16 6: 1235-1252. doi:10.1007/s10668-014-9524-y

Author Chowdhury, Mohammad Shaheed Hossain
Gudmundsson, Chloe
Izumiyama, Shigeyuki
Koike, Masao
Nazia, Nahid
Rana, Md. Parvez
Mukul, Sharif Ahmed
Muhammed, Nur
Redowan, Mohammed
Title Community attitudes toward forest conservation programs through collaborative protected area management in Bangladesh
Journal name Environment, Development and Sustainability   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1387-585X
Publication date 2014-12
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10668-014-9524-y
Open Access Status
Volume 16
Issue 6
Start page 1235
End page 1252
Total pages 18
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract The formulation of conservation policies with options for creating protected areas is significantly influenced by the social factors of the surrounding communities. Therefore, indigenous knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of the local communities need to be explored during the planning and implementation stages of conservation projects. A government-initiated experiment in co-management was conducted in the Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary, Bangladesh. This paper analyzes the attitudes toward conservation by members of local communities living in and around the wildlife sanctuary. Training incentives on alternative income-generating (AIG) activities and allotment of agricultural lands were distributed among the Forest User Groups. It is of interest to policy makers and resource managers whether this technique leads to improved attitudes on the part of local people. Although there were different attitudes toward protected areas and conservation, overall, a favorable attitude of the respondents was observed. The opinions of respondents also varied based on factors such as village position, village dependency level on forest resources, ethnicity and gender. Increase in annual income resulting from the augmented skills by trainings on AIG activities and getting agricultural lands leased from the Forest Department contributed significantly to the variation in respondents' conservation attitudes. It is suggested that eliminating inequity and inequality in incentive distribution, discovering and launching training on more need-based livelihood activities, and liberalizing the restriction of resource extraction from the protected area by fixing the harvesting limit would encourage the community to be more cordially and actively involved in the conservation efforts of the sanctuary.
Keyword Biodiversity conservation
Protected area
Forest User Group
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
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