The concept of mental toughness: tests of dimensionality, nomological network, and traitness

Gucciardi, Daniel F., Hanton, Sheldon, Gordon, Sandy, Mallett, Clifford J. and Temby, Philip (2014) The concept of mental toughness: tests of dimensionality, nomological network, and traitness. Journal of Personality, 83 1: 26-44. doi:10.1111/jopy.12079


Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Hanton, Sheldon
Gordon, Sandy
Mallett, Clifford J.
Temby, Philip
Title The concept of mental toughness: tests of dimensionality, nomological network, and traitness
Journal name Journal of Personality   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3506
1467-6494
Publication date 2014-02-27
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jopy.12079
Open Access Status
Volume 83
Issue 1
Start page 26
End page 44
Total pages 19
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Mental toughness has received increased scholarly attention in recent years, yet conceptual issues related to its (a) dimensionality, (b) nomological network, and (c) traitness remain unresolved. The series of studies reported in this article were designed to examine these three substantive issues across several achievement contexts, including sport, education, military, and the workplace. Five studies were conducted to examine these research aims-Study 1: N=30; Study 2: calibration sample (n=418), tertiary students (n=500), athletes (n=427), and employees (n=550); Study 3: N=497 employees; Study 4: N=203 tertiary students; Study 5: N=115 army candidates. Collectively, the results of these studies revealed that mental toughness may be best conceptualized as a unidimensional rather than a multidimensional concept; plays an important role in performance, goal progress, and thriving despite stress; and can vary and have enduring properties across situations and time. This series of studies provides a foundation for further basic and applied research of mental toughness across various achievement contexts.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 27 February 2014.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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