Theory of mind at home: linking authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles to children's social understanding

O'Reilly, Jessica and Peterson, Candida C. (2014) Theory of mind at home: linking authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles to children's social understanding. Early Child Development and Care, 184 12: 1934-1947. doi:10.1080/03004430.2014.894034


Author O'Reilly, Jessica
Peterson, Candida C.
Title Theory of mind at home: linking authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles to children's social understanding
Journal name Early Child Development and Care   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0300-4430
1476-8275
Publication date 2014-03-21
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/03004430.2014.894034
Open Access Status
Volume 184
Issue 12
Start page 1934
End page 1947
Total pages 14
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Building on Vinden's pioneering research [(2001). Parenting attitudes and children's understanding of mind: A comparison of Korean American and Anglo-American families. Cognitive Development, 16, 793-809], we examined how parents' use of authoritative versus authoritarian styles of discipline related to their children's development of theory of mind (ToM). ToM was assessed using standard false belief tests and a developmental ToM Scale [Wellman, H. M., & Liu, D. (2004). Scaling of theory-of-mind tasks. Child Development, 75(2), 523-541] comprising five reliably sequential steps of ToM understanding from awareness of others' desires through false belief to the recognition of hidden emotion that even 8-year-olds often have difficulty with. In contrast to previous largely null results, our results from a sample of 30 Anglo-Australian children aged 5-12 years and their 30 parents showed, for the first time, that there are significant negative links of child ToM with parental authoritarianism and significant positive links, independent of child age and language skill, between ToM understanding and authoritative parenting. These results contribute to a growing body of research on how family processes interconnect with children's social understanding and social adjustment.
Keyword Theory of mind
Parenting
Family communication
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 21 March 2014.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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