Systematic relationships between the rusts on Goodeniaceae and Stylidiaceae were examined using phylogenetic analyses with two loci (internal transcribed spacer, large subunit region) from ribosomal DNA. Fresh specimens and herbarium material of four rust species (Puccinia dampierae, P. gilgiana, P. saccardoi and Uromyces scaevolae) from the Goodeniaceae and one (P. stylidii) from the Stylidiaceae were examined. A further species (P. lagenophorae) that is reported from hosts in Goodeniaceae and Asteraceae was included in our analysis. Our phylogenetic analysis recovered the rusts on Goodeniaceae and Stylidiaceae in clades sister to P. lagenophorae on Asteraceae. This supported a taxonomy in which P. lagenophorae is restricted to Asteraceae. Descriptions or taxonomic notes are provided for all of the known rusts on Goodeniaceae and Stylidiaceae.