Loneliness in children and adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Houghton, Stephen, Roost, Eileen, Carroll, Annemaree and Brandtman, Mark (2015) Loneliness in children and adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 37 1: 27-37. doi:10.1007/s10862-014-9434-1

Author Houghton, Stephen
Roost, Eileen
Carroll, Annemaree
Brandtman, Mark
Title Loneliness in children and adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Journal name Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0882-2689
Publication date 2015
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10862-014-9434-1
Open Access Status
Volume 37
Issue 1
Start page 27
End page 37
Total pages 11
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Although there have been developments in understanding loneliness in children and adolescents, there is still very limited understanding of the construct in children and adolescents diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The Perth A-Loneness scale (PALs), which comprises 24 items measuring four dimensions of loneliness in young people, was administered to 84 children and adolescents who had been clinically diagnosed as meeting criteria for ADHD. Eighty four individually age and gender matched non ADHD Community Comparisons with no diagnosed neurological deficits also completed the PALs. Competing measurement models were evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis and a first-order model represented by four correlated factors (Friendship Loneliness, Isolation, Negative Attitude to Solitude, and Positive Attitude to Solitude) was superior: CMIN/DF ratio (1.644), CFI (0.90), and RMSEA = 0.056 (90 % CI: 0.05, 0.07). A multivariate analysis of variance revealed no significant multivariate interactions or main effects of Group (ADHD/Non ADHD) or Sex (Male/Female). Overlap of 90 to 98 % between the ADHD and non ADHD samples in their 95 % Confidence Intervals for each of the four loneliness scores along with very small Effect Sizes further strengthened the finding of a non-significant main effect.
Keyword ADHD
Children and adolescents
Confirmatory factor analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 03 Jun 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
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