Social behaviors increase more when children with ASD are imitated by their mother vs. an unfamiliar adult

Slaughter, Virginia and Ong, Su Sen (2014) Social behaviors increase more when children with ASD are imitated by their mother vs. an unfamiliar adult. Autism Research, 7 5: 582-589. doi:10.1002/aur.1392


Author Slaughter, Virginia
Ong, Su Sen
Title Social behaviors increase more when children with ASD are imitated by their mother vs. an unfamiliar adult
Journal name Autism Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1939-3792
1939-3806
Publication date 2014-10-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/aur.1392
Volume 7
Issue 5
Start page 582
End page 589
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Previous research suggests that being imitated by an adult increases the social behaviors of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In the current study, we examined whether familiarity with the imitating social partner modulates this effect. Ten children with ASD and their mothers participated. The children's social behaviors were observed prior to and following a 3-min period in which an adult social partner imitated everything they did. In one condition the partner was the child's mother, and in the other condition the partner was an unfamiliar experimenter. The results revealed significant increases in distal social behaviors (gazes toward the adult, vocalizing) following imitation by both partners. There was a significantly greater increase in proximal social behaviors (including approach, being physically close, and touching) and a greater decrease in playing alone when the imitator was the child's mother as opposed to the experimenter. The findings suggest that the experience of being imitated creates an atmosphere of mutuality and rapport between children with ASD and their social partners, which increases their sociability even in interactions with already familiar adults.
Keyword Autism spectrum disorders
Imitation
Intervention
Mother-child interaction
Social responsiveness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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