Trauma exposure and the subsequent risk of coronary heart disease among mid-aged women

May-Ling, June Lee, Loxton, Deborah and McLaughlin, Deirdre (2015) Trauma exposure and the subsequent risk of coronary heart disease among mid-aged women. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 38 1: 57-65. doi:10.1007/s10865-014-9577-2


Author May-Ling, June Lee
Loxton, Deborah
McLaughlin, Deirdre
Title Trauma exposure and the subsequent risk of coronary heart disease among mid-aged women
Journal name Journal of Behavioral Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0160-7715
1573-3521
Publication date 2015-02
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10865-014-9577-2
Open Access Status
Volume 38
Issue 1
Start page 57
End page 65
Total pages 9
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Springer New York
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract The objective of the current study was to examine whether exposure to trauma in the form of a history of physical, mental, emotional or sexual abuse or violence predicted new onset of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women. In addition, this study aimed to examine the mediation effects of psychological, lifestyle and health related factors in the abuse-CHD relationship. Data from 6 surveys over 15 years, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a large prospective cohort study, were used. Participants from the 1946-1951 cohort who did not self-report heart disease at surveys 1 (1996) and 2 (1998) and who had provided information on other variables were included (n = 9,276). After adjusting for age, women who reported trauma exposure at baseline were 1.54 times more likely (95 % confidence interval 1.29-1.83) to report new onset of CHD than those who did not report trauma exposure. The association between trauma and CHD was largely explained by psychological factors, suggesting a direct pathway between exposure to trauma and risk of CHD.
Keyword Women
Coronary heart disease
Trauma exposure
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 13 June 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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