Predictors of anxiety in centenarians: health, economic factors, and loneliness

Ribeiro, Oscar, Teixeira, Laetitia, Araujo, Lia, Afonso, Rosa Marina and Pachana, Nachana (2014) Predictors of anxiety in centenarians: health, economic factors, and loneliness. International Psychogeriatrics, 27 7: 1167-1176. doi:10.1017/S1041610214001628

Author Ribeiro, Oscar
Teixeira, Laetitia
Araujo, Lia
Afonso, Rosa Marina
Pachana, Nachana
Title Predictors of anxiety in centenarians: health, economic factors, and loneliness
Journal name International Psychogeriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1041-6102
Publication date 2014-08-13
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1041610214001628
Open Access Status
Volume 27
Issue 7
Start page 1167
End page 1176
Total pages 10
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Centenarians' psychological well-being is presently of great interest in psychogeriatric research but little is known about factors that specifically account for the presence of clinically relevant anxiety symptoms in this age group. This study examined the presence of anxiety and its predictors in a sample of centenarians and aims to contribute to a better understanding of anxiety determinants in extreme old age.

Methods: We examined how socio-demographic, health, functional, and social factors contribute to the presence of clinically significant anxiety symptoms in centenarians recruited from two Portuguese centenarian studies. The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory - Short Form (GAI-SF) was used to assess anxiety symptoms.

Results: A total of 97 centenarians (mean age 101.1 years; SD = 1.5 years; range = 100-108) with no/minor cognitive impairment were included. Clinically significant anxiety symptoms (GAI-SF ≥3) were present in 45.4% (n = 44) of the sample. Main predictive factors included worse health perception, higher number of medical conditions, financial concerns related to medical expenses (income inadequacy) and loneliness.

Conclusions: Results suggest that along with health status (subjective and objective), income inadequacy related to medical expenses and feeling lonely may predispose centenarians to clinically significant anxiety and be important to their overall well-being. Further research is needed on the repercussions of clinical anxiety in centenarians' quality of life and on co-morbid conditions (e.g. depression) at such advanced ages.
Keyword Late life anxiety
Income inadequacy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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