Distinct associations of different sedentary behaviors with health-related attributes among older adults

Kikuchi, Hiroyuki, Inoue, Shigeru, Sugiyama, Takemi, Owen, Neville, Oka, Koichiro, Nakaya, Tomoki and Shimomitsu, Teruichi (2014) Distinct associations of different sedentary behaviors with health-related attributes among older adults. Preventive Medicine, 67 335-339. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.011

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Author Kikuchi, Hiroyuki
Inoue, Shigeru
Sugiyama, Takemi
Owen, Neville
Oka, Koichiro
Nakaya, Tomoki
Shimomitsu, Teruichi
Title Distinct associations of different sedentary behaviors with health-related attributes among older adults
Journal name Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0091-7435
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.011
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 67
Start page 335
End page 339
Total pages 5
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Objective: Leisure-time sedentary behaviors (LTSBs) have been associated adversely with health outcomes. However, limited research has focused on different categories of LTSB. We aimed at identifying categories of LTSBs and examining their separate associations with indices of health among Japanese older adults. Methods: A postal survey collected data on self-reported health, psychological distress, body mass index, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), LTSBs (five behaviors) and socio-demographic characteristics from 1,580 Japanese older adults (67% response rate; 65-74 years) in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis was used to classify LTSBs. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for associations of LTSB categories with self-reported health, psychological distress, overweight, and lower MVPA. Data were analyzed in 2013. Results: Two categories of LTSB: passive sedentary time (consisting of TV time, listening or talking while sitting, and sitting around) and mentally-active sedentary time (consisting of computer-use and reading books or newspapers) were identified. Higher passive sedentary time was associated with a higher odds of being overweight (OR: 1.39, [95% CI: 1.08-1.80]), and lower MVPA (1.26, [1.02-1.54]). Higher mentally-active sedentary time was associated with lower odds of lower MVPA (0.70, [0.57-0.86]). Conclusions: Two types of sedentary time-passive and mentally-active-may play different roles in older adults' well-being.
Keyword Aged
Body mass index
Motor activity in physical activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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