Interventions associated with drowning prevention in children and adolescents: Systematic literature review

Wallis, Belinda A., Watt, Kerrianne, Franklin, Richard C., Taylor, Monica, Nixon, James W. and Kimble, Roy M. (2014) Interventions associated with drowning prevention in children and adolescents: Systematic literature review. Injury Prevention, 21 3: 195-204. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2014-041216


Author Wallis, Belinda A.
Watt, Kerrianne
Franklin, Richard C.
Taylor, Monica
Nixon, James W.
Kimble, Roy M.
Title Interventions associated with drowning prevention in children and adolescents: Systematic literature review
Journal name Injury Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1353-8047
1475-5785
Publication date 2014-09-04
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/injuryprev-2014-041216
Open Access Status
Volume 21
Issue 3
Start page 195
End page 204
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, England, United Kingdom
Publisher B M J Group
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Introduction
Drowning remains a leading cause of preventable death in children across the world. This systematic review identifies and critically analyses studies of interventions designed to reduce fatal and non-fatal drowning events among children and adolescents or reduce the injury severity incurred by such incidents.

Methods
A systematic search was undertaken on literature published between 1980 and 2010 relating to interventions around fatal and non-fatal drowning prevention in children and adolescents 0 – 19 years of age. Search methods and protocols developed and used by the WHO Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group were applied.

Results
Seven studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Interventions were categorised into three themes of Education, Swimming Lessons and Water Safety, and Pool Fencing. All are possible effective strategies to prevent children from drowning, particularly young children aged 2 – 4 years, but very little evidence exists for interventions to reduce drowning in older children and adolescents. There were methodological limitations associated with all studies, so results need to be interpreted in the context of these.

Conclusions
Relatively few studies employ rigorous methods and high levels of evidence to assess the impact of interventions designed to reduce drowning. Studies are also limited by lack of consistency in measured outcomes and drowning terminology. Further work is required to establish efficacy of interventions for older children and adolescents. There is a need for rigorous, well-designed studies that use consistent terminology to demonstrate effective prevention solutions.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute Publications
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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