Incitement to genocide against a political group: the anti-communist killings in Indonesia

Pohlman, Annie (2014) Incitement to genocide against a political group: the anti-communist killings in Indonesia. Portal: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, 11 1: 1-22. doi:10.5130/portal.v11i1.3292

Author Pohlman, Annie
Title Incitement to genocide against a political group: the anti-communist killings in Indonesia
Journal name Portal: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1449-2490
Publication date 2014-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5130/portal.v11i1.3292
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 22
Total pages 22
Place of publication Sydney, NSW, Australia
Publisher University of Technology, Sydney * Institute for International Studies
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Genocide and mass atrocities can be seen as the culminative result of extreme social exclusion. Two of the critical steps on the path to genocidal persecution are the isolation and exclusion of a particular group and the mobilisation and incitement of perpetrators. This paper examines the case of the 1965-1966 massacres in Indonesia in light of these two incipient stages of genocide. First, I discuss the Indonesian killings of 1965-1966 by situating them within the conceptual and legal understandings of genocide and argue that those persecuted belonged predominantly to a defined political group, that is, members and associates of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). I argue that the exclusion of political groups from the legal definition of genocide given in the UN Convention on Genocide is unsupportable when examined both within the context that it was created and the greater conceptual understandings of genocide studies. To support this argument, I then outline the political situation in Indonesia prior to the 1 October 1965 coup and explain how the country went through a process of political pillarisation, effectively creating the conditions for the creation and then eradication of the Left in Indonesia. In the final part of the paper, I examine how these killings were incited. I argue that hate propaganda was used against the PKI and its supporters by the main perpetrators of the massacres, the Indonesian military, to incite a popular, genocidal campaign. As a result of this hate-propaganda campaign, Leftists in Indonesia experienced extreme forms of dehumanisation and social death which, in turn, facilitated their eradication.
Keyword Incitement
Indonesian massacres
Social death
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Fri, 03 Oct 2014, 11:37:44 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures