Predictors and correlates of maternal role competence and satisfaction

Ngai, Fei-Wan, Chan, Sally Wai-Chi and Ip, Wan-Yim (2010) Predictors and correlates of maternal role competence and satisfaction. Nursing Research, 59 3: 185-193. doi:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181dbb9ee


Author Ngai, Fei-Wan
Chan, Sally Wai-Chi
Ip, Wan-Yim
Title Predictors and correlates of maternal role competence and satisfaction
Journal name Nursing Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0029-6562
1538-9847
Publication date 2010-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181dbb9ee
Open Access Status
Volume 59
Issue 3
Start page 185
End page 193
Total pages 9
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Developing a sense of competence and satisfaction in the maternal role enhances positive parenting and healthy development of the child. There is limited longitudinal research on the predictive factors influencing maternal role competence and satisfaction.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the predictive and concurrent associations of prenatal perceived maternal role competence, learned resourcefulness, social support, stress, and depression to perceived maternal role competence and satisfaction at 6 weeks postpartum.
Method: A longitudinal, descriptive design was used. A convenience sample of 184 first-time pregnant women with a singleton and uneventful pregnancy were recruited from two regional public hospitals in Hong Kong. The Parenting Sense of Competence Scale, Self-control Schedule, Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey, Social Readjustment Rating Scale, and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale were used to assess maternal role competence and satisfaction, learned resourcefulness, social support, stress, and depressive symptoms, respectively. Data were collected during pregnancy and at 6 weeks postpartum.
Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that perceived maternal role competence and satisfaction at 6 weeks postpartum were predicted by prenatal perceived maternal role competence and learned resourcefulness and were associated with postnatal learned resourcefulness and depression. Social support and stress were not associated directly with perceived maternal role competence and satisfaction at 6 weeks postpartum.
Discussion: The present findings suggest that maternal learned resourcefulness and depression are important factors affecting perceived maternal role competence and satisfaction at postpartum. Culturally competent healthcare should be developed to promote the psychological well-being of women and to equip women with the learned resourcefulness skills to facilitate maternal role taking and enhance women's sense of competence and satisfaction in the maternal role.
Keyword Learned resourcefulness
Perceived maternal role
Competence and satisfaction
Perinatal depression
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 02 Oct 2014, 10:41:12 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work