Chinese primiparous women’s experiences of early motherhood: factors affecting maternal role competence

Ngai, Fei-Wan, Chan, Sally Wai-Chi and Holroyd, Eleanor (2011) Chinese primiparous women’s experiences of early motherhood: factors affecting maternal role competence. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20 9-10: 1481-1489. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03415.x

Author Ngai, Fei-Wan
Chan, Sally Wai-Chi
Holroyd, Eleanor
Title Chinese primiparous women’s experiences of early motherhood: factors affecting maternal role competence
Journal name Journal of Clinical Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2702
Publication date 2011-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03415.x
Open Access Status
Volume 20
Issue 9-10
Start page 1481
End page 1489
Total pages 9
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim.  The aim of this study was to explore Chinese women’s perceptions of maternal role competence and factors contributing to maternal role competence during early motherhood.
Background.  Developing a sense of competence and satisfaction in the maternal role are considered critical components in maternal adaptation, which have a significant impact on parenting behaviours and the psychosocial development of the child. However, qualitative studies that address maternal role competence are limited in the Chinese population.
Design.  This was an exploratory descriptive study.
Method.  A purposive sample of 26 Chinese primiparous mothers participated in a childbirth psychoeducation programme and was interviewed at six weeks postpartum. Data were analysed using content analysis.
Results.  Women perceived a competent mother as being able to make a commitment to caring for the physical and emotional well-being of child, while cultivating appropriate values for childhood. Personal knowledge and experience of infant care, success in breastfeeding, infant’s well-being, availability of social support and contradictory information from various sources were major factors affecting maternal role competency.
Conclusion.  The findings highlight the importance of understanding Chinese cultural attitudes to childrearing and maternal role competence. New Chinese mothers need information on child care, positive experiences of infant care, social support and consistent information to enhance their maternal role competency. Recommendations are made for Chinese culturally specific guidelines and healthcare delivery interventions to enhance maternal role competence in early motherhood.
Relevance to clinical practice.  Nursing and midwifery care should always take into account the cultural beliefs and enable adaptation of traditional postpartum practices. Providing consistent information and positive experience on parenting skills and infant behaviour as well as enhancing effective coping strategies could strengthen Chinese women’s maternal role competency.
Keyword Chinese mothers
Early motherhood
Maternal role competence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 30 Sep 2014, 11:55:07 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work