Learned resourcefulness, social support, and perinatal depression in Chinese mothers

Ngai, Fei-Wan and Chan, Sally Wai-Chi (2012) Learned resourcefulness, social support, and perinatal depression in Chinese mothers. Nursing Research, 61 2: 78-85. doi:10.1097/NNR.0b013e318240dd3f


Author Ngai, Fei-Wan
Chan, Sally Wai-Chi
Title Learned resourcefulness, social support, and perinatal depression in Chinese mothers
Journal name Nursing Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0029-6562
1538-9847
Publication date 2012-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/NNR.0b013e318240dd3f
Open Access Status
Volume 61
Issue 2
Start page 78
End page 85
Total pages 8
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Postnatal depression is a major health problem that can have detrimental effects on infants’ psychosocial development; however, there are few longitudinal studies on the protective role of learned resourcefulness against the development of postnatal depression.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine the relationships among learned resourcefulness, social support, stress, and depressive symptoms across the perinatal period and to determine the mediating role of learned resourcefulness and social support between stress and depressive symptoms in the perinatal period.

Methods: A longitudinal design was used. A convenience sample of 170 first-time Chinese mothers completed the assessment during pregnancy and were followed up at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. The Self-Control Schedule, Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey, Social Readjustment Rating Scale, and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale were used. Path analysis was employed.

Results: Learned resourcefulness had a direct impact on depressive symptoms and mediated the effect of stress on depressive symptoms during pregnancy and at 6 weeks postpartum. Social support had a direct impact on depressive symptoms and mediated the effect of stress on depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Learned resourcefulness and social support directly predicted depressive symptoms at 6 months postpartum.

Discussion: Learned resourcefulness and social support serve to protect against the development of depressive symptoms and mediate the relationship between stress and depressive symptoms in the perinatal period. Culturally competent healthcare should be developed to equip women with learned resourcefulness skills and foster support network to combat the stress of new motherhood, thereby minimizing the risk of perinatal depression.
Keyword Chinese mothers
Learned resourcefulness
Perinatal depression
Social support
Stress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 26 Sep 2014, 13:35:23 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work