Influence of in-plane Stone-Thrower-Wales defects and edge functionalisation on the adsorption of CO2 and H2O on graphene

Murugan, Lalitha, Lakshmipathi, Senthilkumar and Bhatia, Suresh K. (2014) Influence of in-plane Stone-Thrower-Wales defects and edge functionalisation on the adsorption of CO2 and H2O on graphene. RSC Advances, 4 74: 39576-39587. doi:10.1039/c4ra06184e


Author Murugan, Lalitha
Lakshmipathi, Senthilkumar
Bhatia, Suresh K.
Title Influence of in-plane Stone-Thrower-Wales defects and edge functionalisation on the adsorption of CO2 and H2O on graphene
Formatted title
Influence of in-plane Stone-Thrower-Wales defects and edge functionalisation on the adsorption of CO2 and H2O on graphene
Journal name RSC Advances   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2046-2069
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1039/c4ra06184e
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 4
Issue 74
Start page 39576
End page 39587
Total pages 12
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
There is now increasing recognition of the potential of graphene membranes for gas separation, with the application to CO2 capture being one of specific interest; however, the co-adsorption of H2O which saturates flue-gas remains a major impediment. Towards enhancing hydrophobic characteristics of graphene while increasing specificity to CO2, we investigate here the adsorption characteristics of CO2 and H2O on four different kinds of graphene sheet – namely, hydrogen-terminated and fluorine-terminated pristine sheets, and the corresponding Stone–Thrower–Wales (STW) defect-incorporated sheets using density functional theory methods. Our results reveal that fluorine termination enhances hydrophobicity and favours the adsorption of CO2, while reducing that of H2O, in comparison to hydrogen termination. On the other hand, H2O adsorption affinity is increased on introducing the Stone–Thrower–Wales defect in both H-terminated and F-terminated sheets, while for CO2 the affinity change is more marginal, evidenced from the change in height of the adsorbed molecule above the surface, and of the adsorption energy. The Henry law constant for H2O is reduced by 54% on F-termination, for both pristine and defective H-terminated graphene sheets, while for CO2 it is increased by 12% and reduced by 18% respectively, on F-termination of the two sheets; indicating the pristine F-terminated sheet as the preferred option. From the density of states analysis, the Fermi level shows a 0.7 eV shift towards the valence band for fluorine termination in both pristine and STW sheets, but is not influenced by CO2 and H2O adsorption. Fluorine termination is shown to have a significant effect on the valence band, and offers a convenient route for tuning the electronic structure of graphene.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2015 Collection
 
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