Skin disease in the first two years of life in Aboriginal children in East Arnhem Land

McMeniman, Erin, Holden, Libby, Kearns, Therese, Clucal, Danielle B., Carapetis, Jonathan R., Currie, Bart J., Connors, Christine and Andrews, Ross M. (2011) Skin disease in the first two years of life in Aboriginal children in East Arnhem Land. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 52 4: 270-273. doi:10.1111/j.1440-0960.2011.00806.x


Author McMeniman, Erin
Holden, Libby
Kearns, Therese
Clucal, Danielle B.
Carapetis, Jonathan R.
Currie, Bart J.
Connors, Christine
Andrews, Ross M.
Title Skin disease in the first two years of life in Aboriginal children in East Arnhem Land
Journal name Australasian Journal of Dermatology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0365-3609
0004-8380
Publication date 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-0960.2011.00806.x
Open Access Status
Volume 52
Issue 4
Start page 270
End page 273
Total pages 4
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The most common skin infections affecting children in remote Aboriginal communities are scabies and impetigo. Group A streptococcal skin infections are linked to the high rates of heart and renal disease occurring in Aboriginal Australians.

Methods: A retrospective review of medical records was conducted in a primary health care centre in the East Arnhem region of the Northern Territory. Data was collected from all presentations to the clinic in the first 2 years of life for 99 children born between 2001 and 2005 as a component of the East Arnhem Regional Healthy Skin Project.

Results: The median number of presentations to the clinic in the first 2 years of life was 32. Skin disease was recorded in 22% of all presentations. By 1 year of age 82% of children had presented to the clinic with their first episode of impetigo and 68% with their first episode of scabies. Antibiotics were administered to 49% of children with impetigo.

Conclusion: Skin infections are a major reason for presentation to primary health clinics and contribute to the high disease burden experienced by children in the first 2 years of life. This high frequency of presentation provides multiple opportunities for intervention and monitoring.
Keyword Aboriginal
Children
Impetigo
Infants
Scabies
Skin disease
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 23 Sep 2014, 07:34:47 EST by Libby Holden on behalf of School of Public Health