The comparative context of collective efficacy: understanding neighbourhood disorganization and willingness to intervene in Seattle and Brisbane

Fay-Ramirez, Suzanna (2014) The comparative context of collective efficacy: understanding neighbourhood disorganization and willingness to intervene in Seattle and Brisbane. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 48 4: 513-542. doi:10.1177/0004865814536707


Author Fay-Ramirez, Suzanna
Title The comparative context of collective efficacy: understanding neighbourhood disorganization and willingness to intervene in Seattle and Brisbane
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-8658
1837-9273
Publication date 2014-06-18
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0004865814536707
Open Access Status
Volume 48
Issue 4
Start page 513
End page 542
Total pages 30
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract The collective efficacy literature provides a framework to understand how neighbourhood structure influences violence. Existing findings have been based largely on American cities where disadvantage and ethnic segregation are more concentrated. Thus, they are not always representative of other Western cities where structural disadvantage has a different history as well as less variation across neighbourhoods. This paper explores the comparative effect of collective efficacy in Seattle, USA, and Brisbane, Australia. Findings show that collective efficacy is a significant predictor of violent victimisation in both cities. However, in Brisbane, traditional measures of structural disorganisation are less of an influence on victimisation than in Seattle, and that collective efficacy as a neighbourhood process can exist and vary across neighbourhoods without extreme disorganisation.
Keyword Collective efficacy
Comparative criminology
Neighbourhoods
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 09 Sep 2014, 16:47:46 EST by Suzanna Ramirez on behalf of School of Social Science