Long-term growth of male and female Bali cattle fed Sesbania grandiflora

Dahlanuddin, Ningsih, B. S., Poppi, D. P., Anderson, S. T. and Quigley, S. P. (2014) Long-term growth of male and female Bali cattle fed Sesbania grandiflora. Animal Production Science, 54 10: 1615-1619. doi:10.1071/AN14357

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Author Dahlanuddin
Ningsih, B. S.
Poppi, D. P.
Anderson, S. T.
Quigley, S. P.
Title Long-term growth of male and female Bali cattle fed Sesbania grandiflora
Journal name Animal Production Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1836-0939
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/AN14357
Open Access Status
Volume 54
Issue 10
Start page 1615
End page 1619
Total pages 5
Place of publication Clayton, VIC Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract This study examined the long-term growth of male and female Bali cattle (Bos javanicus) fed a diet consisting solely of Sesbania grandiflora (sesbania) or sesbania with rice bran. Twelve male (71.6 ± 2.2 kg mean liveweight and standard error of the mean; LW) and six female (80.3 ± 2.8 kg LW) weaned Bali cattle, ∼6 months of age at the commencement were used in this experiment. LW, wither height (WH), hip height and chest circumference (girth) were measured from ∼6 to 27 months of age. Dry matter intake and the concentration of glucose, urea and insulin-like growth factor-1 in the plasma were measured at ∼9, 18 and 27 months of age. There was no difference in LW gain of male and female Bali cattle between 6 and 18 months of age but males had a greater average LW gain (0.40 kg/day) than females (0.22 kg/day) between 18 and 27 months of age. Overall females displayed a curvilinear growth path in LW, WH and girth between 6 and 27 months of age, while males displayed a linear growth path in LW and girth but curvilinear in WH over the same age. Dry matter intake did not differ with stage of development or between male and female cattle. The plasma urea concentration declined in male Bali cattle with stage of development but was constant in female cattle across the experiment. The concentration of insulin-like growth factor-1 in the plasma increased with age and tended to be greater in male (268 ng/mL) than female (222 ng/mL) Bali cattle. In conclusion, Bali cattle display sexual dimorphism in growth after ∼18 months of age, which is important to consider when developing feeding strategies across the full growth path.
Keyword Body dimensions
Insulin like growth factor 1
Liveweight gain
Sexual Dimorphism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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