Social impact assessment, social development programmes and social licence to operate: tensions and contradictions in intent and practice in the extractive sector

Harvey, Bruce and Bice, Sara (2014) Social impact assessment, social development programmes and social licence to operate: tensions and contradictions in intent and practice in the extractive sector. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 32 4: 327-335. doi:10.1080/14615517.2014.950123


Author Harvey, Bruce
Bice, Sara
Title Social impact assessment, social development programmes and social licence to operate: tensions and contradictions in intent and practice in the extractive sector
Journal name Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1461-5517
1471-5465
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14615517.2014.950123
Open Access Status
Volume 32
Issue 4
Start page 327
End page 335
Total pages 9
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract In the past decade, the extractive sector has embraced social responsibility. Despite this, broad-based support for many extractive projects and operations remains elusive. Community opposition to resource projects appears to be increasing, even where compliance-based social impact assessments (SIAs) and generous benefits are in place. In seeking to understand this, the authors explore unintended contradictions in the implementation of regulatory SIA and the social development programmes (SDPs) being pursued by many extractive companies. Communities continue to mistrust extractive companies in the face of escalating regulation and offsetting development agendas. The authors contend that trust can only be attained by mobilising a company's core competencies, achieving credibility through total transparency, and maintaining appropriate roles and responsibilities of companies, governments and communities. The article presents an alternative approach, centred on the trust-building necessary to a social licence to operate. Such an approach involves 'collaborative moderation', aligns with the 'creating shared value' concept advocated by Porter and Kramer, utilises best practice SIA and uses SDP only where appropriate.
Keyword Social licence to operate
Social development programmes
Social impact assessment
Mining
Extractives
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
Sustainable Minerals Institute Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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