Identity in descriptions of others across ethnic groups in South Africa

Adams, Byron G., Van de Vijver, Fons J. R., de Bruin, Gideon P. and Bueno Torres, Cynthia (2014) Identity in descriptions of others across ethnic groups in South Africa. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45 9: 1411-1433. doi:10.1177/0022022114542466

Author Adams, Byron G.
Van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
de Bruin, Gideon P.
Bueno Torres, Cynthia
Title Identity in descriptions of others across ethnic groups in South Africa
Journal name Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1552-5422
Publication date 2014-10
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0022022114542466
Open Access Status
Volume 45
Issue 9
Start page 1411
End page 1433
Total pages 23
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher SAGE Publications
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract We examined the structure of identity implied in descriptions of others in four South African ethnic groups (Black, Coloured, Indian, and White). We tested the validity of an identity model with attributes, relational orientation, situational aspects, ideology, and valence as constituent dimensions of other-identity, and social distance as a moderator of constituent dimensions. Data were collected from 1,160 participants who provided descriptions of individuals they knew (parents, friends, grandparents, neighbors, and teachers) in semistructured interviews. Results confirmed that relational orientation provides a better conceptual framework of other-identity than individualism-collectivism: Personal orientation (individualism) and collective membership orientation (collectivism) are situated at the endpoints of the relational orientation dimension, with implicit and explicit relational orientation placed in between. We found that ethnic differences are most salient in implicit and explicit relational orientation categories in White and Black South Africans, respectively. We found that the identity of distal individuals was described in less abstract and more norm-regulated terms than the identity of proximal individuals. We concluded that all dimensions of the model are relevant for other-identity.
Keyword Other-identity
Identity structure
Relational orientation
Social distance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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