The grain refining mechanism of cast zinc through silver inoculation

Liu, Zhilin, Qiu, Dong, Wang, Feng, Taylor, John A. and Zhang, Mingxing (2014) The grain refining mechanism of cast zinc through silver inoculation. Acta Materialia, 79 315-326. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2014.07.026

Author Liu, Zhilin
Qiu, Dong
Wang, Feng
Taylor, John A.
Zhang, Mingxing
Title The grain refining mechanism of cast zinc through silver inoculation
Journal name Acta Materialia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1359-6454
Publication date 2014-10-15
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.07.026
Open Access Status
Volume 79
Start page 315
End page 326
Total pages 12
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Silver (Ag) inoculation was found to significantly reduce the average grain size of cast zinc (Zn) by up to 90%. The mechanism of such grain refinement in cast Zn was investigated through varying the addition level of this peritectic-forming solute. The reduction in grain size was sensitive to Ag content due to its large growth restriction factor. When the Ag content was over its maximum solid solubility in Zn, the in situ formed nucleation particles, with dendritic morphology (different from the previously reported faceted/spherical shape), were reproducibly observed near the grain centres in the refined alloys. These particles were determined to be pro-peritectic AgZn3 phase based on the information from the Zn-Ag phase diagram, results from thermal analysis, phase identification and chemical composition. The high potency of the in situ formed AgZn3 particles, as nucleation sites for Zn grains, was further verified by electron backscattered diffraction analysis and crystallographic calculation using the edge-to-edge matching model. A new reproducible hexagonal close packed-hexagonal close packed orientation relationship between AgZn3 particles and Zn matrix was experimentally determined for the first time. In addition, the effect of the particle size and size distribution on the microstructural refinement was also investigated. Finally, the grain refinement mechanism was elucidated in terms of the nucleation crystallography and the interdependence theory.
Keyword Grain refinement
Nucleation crystallography
Growth restriction
Zn alloys
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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