Predictors of breast feeding self-efficacy among Chinese mothers: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey

Zhu, Jiemin, Chan, Wai Chi Sally, Zhou, Xiuzhu, Ye, Benlan and He, Hong-Gu (2014) Predictors of breast feeding self-efficacy among Chinese mothers: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Midwifery, 30 6: 705-711. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2013.12.008

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Author Zhu, Jiemin
Chan, Wai Chi Sally
Zhou, Xiuzhu
Ye, Benlan
He, Hong-Gu
Title Predictors of breast feeding self-efficacy among Chinese mothers: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey
Journal name Midwifery   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0266-6138
Publication date 2014-06
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.midw.2013.12.008
Open Access Status
Volume 30
Issue 6
Start page 705
End page 711
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives:to examine breast feeding self-efficacy and identify its predictors among expectant Chinese mothers in the antenatal period.
Design and setting:a cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire survey was conducted in the antenatal clinics of three university hospitals in China between September and December 2011.
Participants: expectant mothers planning to breast feed, and who were at least 18 years of age, expecting a single, healthy, full-term baby, and competent in Mandarin (n=201).
Measurements: a socio-demographic data sheet, the Chinese version of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Perceived Social Support Scale.
Findings: the expectant Chinese mothers reported moderate levels of breast feeding self-efficacy. Expectant mothers who had had previous experience in breast feeding, who had watched other mothers breast feed their infants, or who had made the decision to breast feed earlier reported higher breast feeding self-efficacy. Expectant mothers′ perceived social support, perceived attitude of significant others, including husband, mothers, and friends, towards breast feeding are correlated with breast feeding self-efficacy. The best-fit regression analysis revealed five variables that explained 34% of the variance in breast feeding self-efficacy in the antenatal period: perceived social support, previous experience of breast feeding, previous experience of watching others breast feed, timing of maternal decision to breast feed, and perceived husband′s attitude towards breast feeding.
Conclusions: this study highlighted the importance of improving Chinese mothers′ breast feeding self-efficacy by considering the main predictors found in this study.
Implications for practice: health care professionals could develop strategies to promote breast feeding self-efficacy, such as providing opportunities for expectant mothers to learn from others′ successful experience, adopt a family-centred approach in the provision of breast feeding education, provide breast feeding education at the beginning of pregnancy or even earlier, and rally comprehensive social support for expectant mothers.
Keyword Breast feeding
Social support
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 23 December 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 05 Sep 2014, 12:08:06 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work