Asymmetries of influence: differential effects of body postures on perceptions of emotional facial expressions

Mondloch, Catherine J., Nelson, Nicole L. and Horner, Matthew (2013) Asymmetries of influence: differential effects of body postures on perceptions of emotional facial expressions. PLoS One, 8 9: e73605.1-e73605.16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073605


Author Mondloch, Catherine J.
Nelson, Nicole L.
Horner, Matthew
Title Asymmetries of influence: differential effects of body postures on perceptions of emotional facial expressions
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2013-09-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0073605
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 9
Start page e73605.1
End page e73605.16
Total pages 16
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United State
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Abstract The accuracy and speed with which emotional facial expressions are identified is influenced by body postures. Two influential models predict that these congruency effects will be largest when the emotion displayed in the face is similar to that displayed in the body: the emotional seed model and the dimensional model. These models differ in whether similarity is based on physical characteristics or underlying dimensions of valence and arousal. Using a 3-alternative forced-choice task in which stimuli were presented briefly (Exp 1a) or for an unlimited time (Exp 1b) we provide evidence that congruency effects are more complex than either model predicts; the effects are asymmetrical and cannot be accounted for by similarity alone. Fearful postures are especially influential when paired with facial expressions, but not when presented in a flanker task (Exp 2). We suggest refinements to each model that may account for our results and suggest that additional studies be conducted prior to drawing strong theoretical conclusions.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 04 Sep 2014, 17:14:42 EST by Nicole Nelson on behalf of School of Psychology