Evaluation of village-based diets for increasing the weight and condition of Ongole (Bos indicus) and Bali (Bos javanicus) cows in Indonesia

Antari, R., Syahniar, T. M., Mayberry, D. E., Marsetyo, Pamungkas, D., Anderson, S. T. and Poppi, D. P. (2014) Evaluation of village-based diets for increasing the weight and condition of Ongole (Bos indicus) and Bali (Bos javanicus) cows in Indonesia. Animal Production Science, 54 9: 1368-1373. doi:10.1071/AN14165

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Author Antari, R.
Syahniar, T. M.
Mayberry, D. E.
Marsetyo
Pamungkas, D.
Anderson, S. T.
Poppi, D. P.
Title Evaluation of village-based diets for increasing the weight and condition of Ongole (Bos indicus) and Bali (Bos javanicus) cows in Indonesia
Journal name Animal Production Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1836-0939
1836-5787
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/AN14165
Open Access Status
Volume 54
Issue 9
Start page 1368
End page 1373
Total pages 6
Place of publication Clayton, VIC Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract The aim of this research was to compare different feeding strategies to increase the weight and body condition score (BCS) of Ongole (Bos indicus) and Bali (Bos javanicus) cows kept by smallholder farmers in Indonesia. Thirty mature, non-pregnant, non-lactating Ongole and Bali cows were allocated to one of three treatment groups in a randomised block design, with five cows of each breed per treatment. The experiment consisted of a 2-week adaptation period and 24-week experimental period. In Weeks 1-17 cows were offered one of three diets; rice straw ad libitum plus gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium) at 3 g DM/kg W.day (RSG3), rice straw at 10 g DM/kg W.day plus gliricidia at 10 g DM/kg W.day, or elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) ad libitum. During Weeks 18-24 the cows previously fed the RSG3 diet were offered rice straw ad libitum plus rice bran at 10 g DM/kg W.day. There was no change to diets of the other groups. Feeding untreated rice straw plus gliricidia or rice bran only provided enough metabolisable energy for maintenance of both breeds. Ongole and Bali cows consuming elephant grass gained weight at 0.25 and 0.33 kg/day, respectively. However, even at these higher growth rates it would still take ∼4-6 months for cows to gain 1 BCS unit (1-5 scale). Maintaining a good BCS would be a better management strategy.
Keyword Elephant grass
Gliricidia
IGF1
Rice straw
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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