Adiposity and blood pressure in 7- to 11-year-old children: comparison of British Pakistani and white British children, and of British Pakistani children of migrant and British-born mothers

Henderson, Emily J., Jones, Caroline H., Hornby-Turner, Yvonne C. and Pollard, Tessa M. (2011) Adiposity and blood pressure in 7- to 11-year-old children: comparison of British Pakistani and white British children, and of British Pakistani children of migrant and British-born mothers. American Journal of Human Biology, 23 5: 710-716. doi:10.1002/ajhb.21204


Author Henderson, Emily J.
Jones, Caroline H.
Hornby-Turner, Yvonne C.
Pollard, Tessa M.
Title Adiposity and blood pressure in 7- to 11-year-old children: comparison of British Pakistani and white British children, and of British Pakistani children of migrant and British-born mothers
Journal name American Journal of Human Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1042-0533
1520-6300
Publication date 2011-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/ajhb.21204
Open Access Status
Volume 23
Issue 5
Start page 710
End page 716
Total pages 7
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: This study tested hypotheses that: (1) levels of adiposity, as assessed by triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses (SFTs), and blood pressure would be higher in British Pakistani children than in white British children; and (2) British Pakistani children of mothers born in the UK would have smaller SFTs and lower blood pressure than children of mothers born in Pakistan.
Methods: Participants aged 7 to 11 years were recruited from five primary schools in a deprived urban area. BMI, waist circumference, triceps and subscapular SFT, and blood pressure were measured.
Results: Participants comprised 209 white British and 132 British Pakistani children, including 79 children born in the UK to migrant mothers and 49 children born to British-born mothers. In comparisons by ethnic group, triceps SFT was significantly higher in British Pakistani children only after controlling for BMI. Subscapular SFT was higher in British Pakistani children, a finding strengthened after controlling for BMI. Systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in British Pakistani children, but not after controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). There were no significant differences between British Pakistani children born to migrant or British-born mothers, except that systolic blood pressure was lower in children of British-born mothers after controlling for SES, a finding that was not significant after controlling for BMI.
Conclusions: This study confirms previous findings of larger SFTs and higher blood pressure in British children of Pakistani origin than in children of white European origin. Further work with larger sample sizes is needed to investigate differences between generations.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 20 Aug 2014, 12:10:50 EST by Yvonne Hornby-turner on behalf of School of Medicine