Change in emotion regulation strategy use and its impact on adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: a three-year longitudinal analysis using latent growth modeling

Voon, David, Hasking, Penelope and Martin, Graham (2014) Change in emotion regulation strategy use and its impact on adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: a three-year longitudinal analysis using latent growth modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123 3: 487-498. doi:10.1037/a0037024


Author Voon, David
Hasking, Penelope
Martin, Graham
Title Change in emotion regulation strategy use and its impact on adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: a three-year longitudinal analysis using latent growth modeling
Journal name Journal of Abnormal Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1939-1846
0021-843X
Publication date 2014-08-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/a0037024
Volume 123
Issue 3
Start page 487
End page 498
Total pages 12
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract This longitudinal study examines the extent to which changes in the use of cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and rumination impact on frequency, duration, and medical severity of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents. Data from 3,143 predominantly female high school students recruited from 40 Australian secondary schools were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Significant differences in the psychological factors between the 555 participants with a history of NSSI and non-self-injurers were reported at baseline. Self-injurers experienced significantly greater accumulation of life stressors over time compared with non-self-injurers. After controlling for adverse life events, psychological distress and other emotion regulation strategies, use of cognitive reappraisal at baseline was associated with less severe NSSI presentations, and slower growth in medical severity of NSSI over time. Findings indicate that while both cohorts have similar emotion regulation trajectories, adolescents who self-injure start off at a disadvantage and have a propensity to engage in less helpful processes that tend to heighten negative emotional states. Results recommend increasing focus on improving adolescents' frequency and skills in use of cognitive reappraisal in efforts to reduce NSSI among this population.
Keyword Nonsuicidal self-injury
Rumination
Emotion regulation
Longitudinal
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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