Civilising missions and the rise of international hierarchies in early modern Asia

Phillips, Andrew (2014) Civilising missions and the rise of international hierarchies in early modern Asia. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 42 3: 697-717. doi:10.1177/0305829814535281


Author Phillips, Andrew
Title Civilising missions and the rise of international hierarchies in early modern Asia
Journal name Millennium: Journal of International Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-8298
1477-9021
Publication date 2014-06
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0305829814535281
Open Access Status
Volume 42
Issue 3
Start page 697
End page 717
Total pages 21
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher SAGE Publications
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract When IR scholars examine 'standards of civilisation', they typically privilege the Western civilisational standard that structured international society during the colonial era. Conversely, this article compares the 'civilising missions' of non-Western empires in the early modern period in Mughal India and Qing China. As foreign conquerors ruling huge and diverse empires, Mughals and Manchus faced common problems legitimating their dominance over indigenous majorities that vastly outnumbered them. In both cases, they formulated elaborate civilising missions to justify their rule, recruit collaborators and sustain the hierarchical international orders that formed around their empires. In foregrounding these parallels, this article helps us to better understand how hierarchies form in international politics, while also illuminating the specific role civilising missions and processes played in constituting international hierarchies in non-Western settings.
Keyword Civilisation
Civilising missions
Empires
Hierarchy
Historical sociology
International relations
Mughal India
Qing China
Standard of civilisation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Political Science and International Studies Publications
 
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