Why potential live renal donors prefer laparoscopic nephrectomy: A survey of live donor attitudes

Chung E., Grant A.B.F., Hibberd A.D. and Sprott P. (2007) Why potential live renal donors prefer laparoscopic nephrectomy: A survey of live donor attitudes. BJU International, 100 6: 1344-1346. doi:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2007.07126.x

Author Chung E.
Grant A.B.F.
Hibberd A.D.
Sprott P.
Title Why potential live renal donors prefer laparoscopic nephrectomy: A survey of live donor attitudes
Journal name BJU International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1464-4096
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2007.07126.x
Volume 100
Issue 6
Start page 1344
End page 1346
Total pages 3
Language eng
Subject 2748 Urology
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To address donor attitudes and reasons for selecting either laparoscopic or open donor nephrectomy (LDN, ODN), as despite the increased interest in laparoscopic procedures, organ donation continues to lag behind the demand for organs, and many new initiatives have failed to reduce the gap. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case series comprised a 10-year review of medical records and a transplant database on donor demographics, analgesic requirements, postoperative complications and length of hospital stay. A structured telephone interview was conducted for all live donors to evaluate donor awareness, reasons for selecting LDN and the psychosocial impact of DN on donors' rehabilitation. RESULTS: Between 1995 and 2004, 38 LDN and 38 ODN were carried out; 70% were women in both groups, with a respective mean age of 44.4 and 47.1 years. Three LDNs were converted to ODN due to technical difficulties. The mean operative duration for LDN (194.8 min) was 78 min longer than for ODN (116.8 min). As expected, the mean analgesia requirement and length of hospital stay was less for LDN than ODN, by 55.4 mg of morphine equivalent and 2.3 days. Although all renal donors were aware of the option of LDN, one patient chose ODN due to safety concerns. The primary source of donor information was derived predominantly from the donor assessment process. The main reason for choosing LDN was the earlier return to work (54%), followed by less postoperative pain (33%). In general, there was minimal psychosocial impact after renal transplantation and the overall donor experience was very positive (85%). CONCLUSION: LDN has remained a safe, less-invasive but effective technique for allograft procurement, with minimal morbidity. Overall, there is less postoperative pain and fewer surgical complications, and an earlier return to normal functioning. The level of satisfaction with the whole renal donation process was very positive, with minimal psychosocial impact.
Keyword Experience
Open nephrectomy
Patient attitudes
Renal transplant
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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