Sensor assisted fire fighting

Cowlard, Adam, Jahn, Wolfram, Abecassis-Empis, Cecilia, Rein, Guillermo and Torero, Jose L. (2010) Sensor assisted fire fighting. Fire Technology, 46 3: 719-741. doi:10.1007/s10694-008-0069-1


Author Cowlard, Adam
Jahn, Wolfram
Abecassis-Empis, Cecilia
Rein, Guillermo
Torero, Jose L.
Title Sensor assisted fire fighting
Journal name Fire Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0015-2684
1572-8099
Publication date 2010
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10694-008-0069-1
Open Access Status
Volume 46
Issue 3
Start page 719
End page 741
Total pages 23
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject 2213 Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
2500 Materials Science
Abstract Fire detection and monitoring sensors, fire modelling, fire fighting and command and control are usually perceived as independent issues within fire safety. Sensor data is associated to detection and alarm and to some minor extent as a source of very basic information for building management or emergency response. The streams of data emerging from sensors are deemed to lead to a rapid information overload, so the pervasive sensor deployment (now common in modern buildings) is entirely independent of procedures associated to emergency management. Fire modelling follows a similar path because model output is not robust enough, not fast enough and the information generated by such simulations rapidly escalates in quantity and complexity so that no commander can assimilate it. Fire fighting is therefore left as an isolated activity that does not benefit much from sensor data or the potential of modelling the event. This separation is naturally induced by the complexity of a fire event and represents the biggest barrier to the useful development of sensor technology and fire modelling into emergency response. Therefore, current technology applied to fire is decades behind sensor development for other related areas like military operations or intruder security. There is no apparent use for more complex and expensive sensors. This paper describes the different processes that need to be studied to establish a path by which a collection of sensor data can be used to provide early detection, robust building management and adequate information to assist fire fighting operations.
Keyword Emergency response
Fire fighting
Forecast
Modelling
Sensors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 08 Aug 2014, 10:33:16 EST by Julie Hunter on behalf of School of Civil Engineering