Double prenylation by RabGGTase can proceed without dissociation of the mono-prenylated intermediate

Thoma, Nicolas H., Niculae, Anca, Goody, Roger S. and Alexandrov, Kirill (2001) Double prenylation by RabGGTase can proceed without dissociation of the mono-prenylated intermediate. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276 52: 48631-48636. doi:10.1074/jbc.M106470200

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Author Thoma, Nicolas H.
Niculae, Anca
Goody, Roger S.
Alexandrov, Kirill
Title Double prenylation by RabGGTase can proceed without dissociation of the mono-prenylated intermediate
Journal name Journal of Biological Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9258
Publication date 2001-12-28
Year available 2001
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1074/jbc.M106470200
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 276
Issue 52
Start page 48631
End page 48636
Total pages 6
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Rab geranylgeranyltransferase (RabGGTase) catalyzes the prenylation of Rab proteins. Despite possessing a single active site, RabGGTase is able to add geranylgeranyl moieties onto each of the two C-terminal cysteine residues of Rab. We have studied the kinetics of Rab double prenylation employing a combination of a novel high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based in vitro prenylation assay and fluorescence spectroscopy. Transfer of the first geranylgeranyl group proceeds with a k1 = 0.16 s-1, while the conversion from singly to double prenylated Rab is 4-fold slower (k2 = 0.039 s-1). We found that following the first transfer reaction, the conjugated lipid is removed from the active site of RabGGTase but mono-prenylated Rab-REP complex remains bound to RabGGTase with a Kd < 1 nm. In contrast to the doubly prenylated Rab7-REP dissociation of the mono-prenylated species from RabGGTase was only weakly stimulated by phosphoisoprenoid. Based on the obtained rate constants we calculated that at least 72% of mono-prenylated Rab molecules proceed to double prenylation without dissociating from RabGGTase. The obtained data provides an explanation of how RabGGTase discriminates between monoprenylated intermediate and double prenylated reaction product. It also indicates that the phosphoisoprenoid acts both as a substrate and as a sensor governing the kinetics of protein-protein interactions in the double prenylation reaction.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
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