Evidence for bone grease rendering during the Upper Paleolithic at Vale Boi (Algarve, Portugal)

Manne, Tiina H., Stiner, Mary C. and Bicho, Nuno F. (2006). Evidence for bone grease rendering during the Upper Paleolithic at Vale Boi (Algarve, Portugal). In: Nuno Ferreira Bicho, Animais na Pré-história e Arqueologia da Península Ibérica: Actas do IV Congresso de Arqueologia Peninsular. IV CAP: Congresso de Arqueologia Peninsular 2004, Faro, Portugal, (145-158). 14-19 September, 2004.

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Author Manne, Tiina H.
Stiner, Mary C.
Bicho, Nuno F.
Title of paper Evidence for bone grease rendering during the Upper Paleolithic at Vale Boi (Algarve, Portugal)
Language of Title eng
Conference name IV CAP: Congresso de Arqueologia Peninsular 2004
Translated conference name 4th Congress of Peninsular Archaeology
Conference location Faro, Portugal
Conference dates 14-19 September, 2004
Proceedings title Animais na Pré-história e Arqueologia da Península Ibérica: Actas do IV Congresso de Arqueologia Peninsular
Language of Proceedings Title por
Journal name Promontoria Monografica
Language of Journal Name por
Place of Publication Faro, Portugal
Publisher Faculdade de Ciencias Humanas e Sociais, Universidade do Algarve
Publication Year 2006
Year available 2004
Sub-type Fully published paper
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
ISBN 9729969310
9789729969317
ISSN 1647-5100
Editor Nuno Ferreira Bicho
Volume 3
Start page 145
End page 158
Total pages 14
Language eng
por
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Recently excavated faunas from the Upper Paleolithic site of Vale Boi in Algarve (southern Portugal) provide early evidence of resource intensification in the form of bone grease rendering, a labor-intensive technique for maximizing the fat yield from ungulate carcasses, alongside exploitation of rabbits. The geography and chronology of the occurrences of these subsistence phenomena may indicate expanding dietary breadth in Upper Paleolithic foragers. Evidence of bone grease rendering begins with the early Gravettian period at Vale Boi, based on the co-occurrence of abundant fire-cracked rock, stone anvils, and the systematic fragmentation spongy bone. Tests for density-mediated at trition in rabbits and ungulates indicate that the patterns of body part representation in the ungulate remains were not biased substantially by post- depositional processes. The onset of resource intensification and dietary expansion in the Algarve is in general agreement with patterns observed for the northern Mediterranean Rim. However, the coupling of heavy rabbit exploitation and bone grease-rendering in the early Gravettian at Vale Boi is distinctive and, as such, occurs relatively early for the Upper Paleolithic overall.
Keyword Upper Paleolithic
Bone grease-rendering
Algarve
Portugal
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 04 Aug 2014, 14:19:18 EST by Tiina Manne on behalf of School of Social Science