Attempted suicide by drug overdose and by poison-ingestion methods seen at the main general hospital in the Fiji islands: a comparative study

Aghanwa, Henry S. (2001) Attempted suicide by drug overdose and by poison-ingestion methods seen at the main general hospital in the Fiji islands: a comparative study. General Hospital Psychiatry, 23 5: 266-271. doi:10.1016/S0163-8343(01)00156-6


Author Aghanwa, Henry S.
Title Attempted suicide by drug overdose and by poison-ingestion methods seen at the main general hospital in the Fiji islands: a comparative study
Journal name General Hospital Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0163-8343
1873-7714
Publication date 2001-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0163-8343(01)00156-6
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 23
Issue 5
Start page 266
End page 271
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: This study examined the prevalence and the characteristics of deliberate self-poisoning patients seen at the main general hospital in the Fiji Islands.

Method: Thirty-one consecutive patients with deliberate drug-overdose and 27 others with nonoverdosed self-poisoning were compared on sociodemographic and clinical variables.

Results: Deliberate self-poisoning cases represented 0.3% of the hospital admissions, and had a rate of 25.9 per 100,000 population. The overdose group was significantly older (P< .05), whereas the poison-ingestion group had significantly greater proportion of males (P< .03). The rate of psychiatric morbidity was significantly higher in the overdose group (P=.04), whereas the history of alcohol abuse was significantly higher in the other group (P=.04). Paracetamol (35.5%) and paraquat (29.7%) were the most commonly used agents.

Conclusions: Age, gender, rate of psychiatric morbidity, or history of alcohol abuse could be predictive of whether drug overdose or poison ingestion would be used for deliberate self-poisoning. This information could be relevant in the formulation of suicide preventive strategies.
Keyword Characteristics
Deliberate self-poisoning
Fiji Islands
General hospital
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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