The characteristics of suicide attempters admitted to the main general hospital in Fiji Islands

Aghanwa H.S. (2000) The characteristics of suicide attempters admitted to the main general hospital in Fiji Islands. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 49 6: 439-445. doi:10.1016/S0022-3999(00)00193-8


Author Aghanwa H.S.
Title The characteristics of suicide attempters admitted to the main general hospital in Fiji Islands
Journal name Journal of Psychosomatic Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3999
Publication date 2000
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0022-3999(00)00193-8
Volume 49
Issue 6
Start page 439
End page 445
Total pages 7
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
2803 Biological Psychiatry
3200 Psychology
Abstract Objective: To study the characteristics of suicide attempters attending the main general hospital in Fiji Islands. Method: Consecutive suicide attempters were clinically evaluated, and their sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were compared with those of other patients seen in the psychiatric service between January 15, 1999 and January 14, 2000. Results: Thirty-nine suicide attempters were seen, representing 36.8% of all the cases referred to the psychiatric service. The prevalence of attempted suicide in the Greater Suva Area was 34.8 per 100,000. Majority (56.4%) were young (16-25 years), Indians (59%), female (61.5%), students (41%), never married (74.4%) and of Hindi faith (48.7%). The commonly used methods were ingestion of drugs and pesticides. The intention to die was present in 20 (51.3%) of the population. Social problems and/or psychiatric comorbidity were present in over 60% of cases. Suicide attempters were significantly younger, more of single persons (P<.0001), and fewer were in employment (P<.001) than nonsuicidal cases seen. The difference was not significant when the two groups were compared regarding gender, race or religion. Conclusions: Young people attempt suicide in disturbed psychosocial milieu, using available poisoning methods with strong desire to die. Apparently, high proportion of female Indians in this group reflects high rate of service utilization by them. Unemployment is an insignificant predisposing factor.
Keyword Attempted suicide
Characteristics
Fiji Islands
General hospital
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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