Street connectivity and walking for transport: role of neighborhood destinations

Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Lamb, Karen Elaine, Villanueva, Karen and Owen, Neville (2014) Street connectivity and walking for transport: role of neighborhood destinations. Preventive Medicine, 66 118-122. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.019


Author Koohsari, Mohammad Javad
Sugiyama, Takemi
Lamb, Karen Elaine
Villanueva, Karen
Owen, Neville
Title Street connectivity and walking for transport: role of neighborhood destinations
Journal name Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1096-0260
0091-7435
Publication date 2014-09
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.019
Open Access Status
Volume 66
Start page 118
End page 122
Total pages 5
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective

Built environment attributes may be important determinants of physical activity. Greater street connectivity has been shown in several studies to be associated with adults' walking for transport (WFT). We examined the extent to which this association can be explained by the availability of utilitarian destinations.

Methods

Adults (n = 2544) participating in the Physical Activity in Localities and Community Environments (PLACE) study in Adelaide, Australia during 2003–2004, reported their WFT and perceived distances to 16 utilitarian destinations. Connectivity was calculated as the ratio of the number of intersections to Census Collection District land area. Marginal models via generalized estimating equations were used and the product-of-coefficients test was used to test mediation effects.

Results

Connectivity was significantly associated with destination availability and with WFT frequency. The connectivity–WFT relationship was attenuated after taking availability of destinations into account, but remained significant. Availability of destinations accounted for 16% of the total effect of connectivity on WFT.

Conclusions

Higher connectivity can be associated with more frequent WFT, partly because more utilitarian destinations are available in areas with well-connected street networks. Further clarification of these relationships and other pathways through which connectivity influences residents' walking can inform urban design initiatives to promote physical activity.
Keyword Walking
Street network
Destinations
Built environment
Urban form
Urban design
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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