Resilience in ecology: Abstraction, distraction, or where the action is?

Standish, Rachel J., Hobbs, Richard, Mayfield, Margaret M., Bestelmeyer, Brandon T., Suding, Katherine N., Battaglia, Loretta L., Eviner, Valerie, Hawkes, Christine V., Temperton, Vicky M., Cramer, Viki A., Harris, James A., Funk, Jennifer L. and Thomas, Peter A. (2014) Resilience in ecology: Abstraction, distraction, or where the action is?. Biological Conservation, 177 43-51. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.06.008

Author Standish, Rachel J.
Hobbs, Richard
Mayfield, Margaret M.
Bestelmeyer, Brandon T.
Suding, Katherine N.
Battaglia, Loretta L.
Eviner, Valerie
Hawkes, Christine V.
Temperton, Vicky M.
Cramer, Viki A.
Harris, James A.
Funk, Jennifer L.
Thomas, Peter A.
Title Resilience in ecology: Abstraction, distraction, or where the action is?
Journal name Biological Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0006-3207
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.06.008
Open Access Status
Volume 177
Start page 43
End page 51
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Subject 1105 Dentistry
2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
Abstract Increasingly, the success of management interventions aimed at biodiversity conservation are viewed as being dependent on the 'resilience' of the system. Although the term 'resilience' is increasingly used by policy makers and environmental managers, the concept of 'resilience' remains vague, varied and difficult to quantify. Here we clarify what this concept means from an ecological perspective, and how it can be measured and applied to ecosystem management. We argue that thresholds of disturbance are central to measuring resilience. Thresholds are important because they offer a means to quantify how much disturbance an ecosystem can absorb before switching to another state, and so indicate whether intervention might be necessary to promote the recovery of the pre-disturbance state. We distinguish between helpful resilience, where resilience helps recovery, and unhelpful resilience where it does not, signalling the presence of a threshold and the need for intervention. Data to determine thresholds are not always available and so we consider the potential for indices of functional diversity to act as proxy measures of resilience. We also consider the contributions of connectivity and scale to resilience and how to incorporate these factors into management. We argue that linking thresholds to functional diversity indices may improve our ability to predict the resilience of ecosystems to future, potentially novel, disturbances according to their spatial and temporal scales of influence. Throughout, we provide guidance for the application of the resilience concept to ecosystem management. In doing so, we confirm its usefulness for improving biodiversity conservation in our rapidly changing world.
Keyword Biodiversity conservation
Ecological resilience
Environmental policy
Restoration goals
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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