Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life: a randomized controlled trial

Hawkes, Anna L., Pakenham, Kenneth I., Chambers, Suzanne K., Patrao, Tania A. and Courneya, Kerry S. (2014) Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life: a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 48 3: 359-370. doi:10.1007/s12160-014-9610-2


Author Hawkes, Anna L.
Pakenham, Kenneth I.
Chambers, Suzanne K.
Patrao, Tania A.
Courneya, Kerry S.
Title Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life: a randomized controlled trial
Journal name Annals of Behavioral Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0883-6612
1532-4796
Publication date 2014-12
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s12160-014-9610-2
Open Access Status
Volume 48
Issue 3
Start page 359
End page 370
Total pages 12
Place of publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Multiple health behavior change can ameliorate adverse effects of cancer.

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention (CanChange) for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life.

Methods
A total of 410 colorectal cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month telephone-based health coaching intervention (11 sessions using acceptance and commitment therapy strategies focusing on physical activity, weight management, diet, alcohol, and smoking) or usual care. Posttraumatic growth, spirituality, acceptance, mindfulness, distress, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months.

Results
Significant intervention effects were observed for posttraumatic growth at 6 (7.5, p < 0.001) and 12 months (4.1, p = 0.033), spirituality at 6 months (1.8, p = 0.011), acceptance at 6 months (0.2, p = 0.005), and quality of life at 6 (0.8, p = 0.049) and 12 months (0.9, p = 0.037).

Conclusions
The intervention improved psychosocial outcomes and quality of life (physical well-being) at 6 months with most effects still present at 12 months. (Trial Registration Number: ACTRN12608000399392).

Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 16 Jul 2014, 09:56:48 EST by Ms Kate Rowe on behalf of School of Psychology