Maternal and personal religious engagement as predictors of early onset and frequent substance use

Hayatbakhsh, Reza, Clavarino, Alexandra, Williams, Gail M. and Najman, Jake M. (2014) Maternal and personal religious engagement as predictors of early onset and frequent substance use. American Journal on Addictions, 23 4: 363-370. doi:10.1111/j.1521-0391.2014.12113.x

Author Hayatbakhsh, Reza
Clavarino, Alexandra
Williams, Gail M.
Najman, Jake M.
Title Maternal and personal religious engagement as predictors of early onset and frequent substance use
Journal name American Journal on Addictions   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1055-0496
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2014.12113.x
Open Access Status
Volume 23
Issue 4
Start page 363
End page 370
Total pages 8
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, 8QG United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
3203 Clinical Psychology
Abstract Background and Objective This study examined whether maternal and offspring's religiosity independently predict age of onset and frequency of substance use in offspring, and whether gender differentiates these associations. Methods Data were from the Mater Hospital and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a birth cohort study. Participants were a cohort of 3,537 persons who were born during 1981-83 and were followed-up to 21 years. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate relative risk of substance use. Results Both maternal and offspring's religious practice were associated with later onset and less frequent substance use. After adjustment for potential confounding and maternal religious background, offspring who were not attending church were more likely to report early onset of tobacco smoking (OR-=-5.1; 95% CI: 2.8-9.4), alcohol drinking (OR-=-17.4; 95% CI: 8.9-33.9) and cannabis use (OR-=-7.5; 95% CI: 3.4-16.0). Discussion and Conclusions Findings of this study suggest family and personal religious practices are predictors of less substance use problems in adolescents and young adult males and females. Scientific Significance and Future Directions Religious engagement functions as a deterrent to adolescent tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use. (Am J Addict 2014;23:363-370)
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
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