Mental toughness in sport: motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health

Mahoney, John W., Gucciardi, Daniel F., Ntoumanis, Nikos and Mallet, Cliff J. (2014) Mental toughness in sport: motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36 3: 281-292. doi:10.1123/jsep.2013-0260


Author Mahoney, John W.
Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Ntoumanis, Nikos
Mallet, Cliff J.
Title Mental toughness in sport: motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health
Journal name Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1543-2904
0895-2779
Publication date 2014-06
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260
Open Access Status
Volume 36
Issue 3
Start page 281
End page 292
Total pages 12
Place of publication Champaign IL, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
We argue that basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) offers impetus to the value of mental toughness as a mechanism for optimizing human functioning. We hypothesized that psychological needs satisfaction (thwarting) would be associated with higher (lower) levels of mental toughness, positive affect, and performance and lower (higher) levels of negative affect. We also expected that mental toughness would be associated with higher levels of positive affect and performance and lower levels of negative affect. Further, we predicted that coaching environments would be related to mental toughness indirectly through psychological needs and that psychological needs would indirectly relate with performance and affect through mental toughness. Adolescent cross-country runners (136 male and 85 female, Mage = 14.36) completed questionnaires pertaining to BPNT variables, mental toughness, and affect. Race times were also collected. Our findings supported our hypotheses. We concluded that BPNT is generative in understanding some of the antecedents and consequences of mental toughness and is a novel framework useful for understanding mental toughness.
Keyword Autonomy
Positive youth development
Coach environments
Human functioning
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 14 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 15 Jul 2014, 01:49:49 EST by System User on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences